Characterizing mobility from the prosthetic limb user's perspective: Use of focus groups to guide development of the Prosthetic Limb Users Survey of Mobility.

TitleCharacterizing mobility from the prosthetic limb user's perspective: Use of focus groups to guide development of the Prosthetic Limb Users Survey of Mobility.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsHafner BJ, Morgan SJ, Abrahamson DC, Amtmann D
JournalProsthet Orthot Int
Volume40
Issue5
Pagination582-90
Date Published2016 Oct
ISSN1746-1553
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Amputation, Amputees, Artificial Limbs, Female, Focus Groups, Humans, Lower Extremity, Male, Middle Aged, Patient Preference, Patient Reported Outcome Measures, Prosthesis Design, Qualitative Research, Young Adult
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Input from target respondents in the development of patient-reported outcome measures is necessary to ensure that the instrument is meaningful.
OBJECTIVES: To solicit perspectives of prosthetic limb users about their mobility experiences and to inform development of the Prosthetic Limb Users Survey of Mobility.
STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative study.
METHODS: Four focus groups of lower limb prosthesis users were held in different regions of the United States. Focus group transcripts were coded, and themes were identified. Feedback from participants was used to develop a framework for measuring mobility with a lower limb prosthesis.
RESULTS: Focus group participants (N = 37) described mobility as a confluence of factors that included characteristics of the individual, activity, and environment. Identified themes were defined as individual characteristics, forms of movement, and environmental situations. Prosthetic mobility was conceptualized as movement activities performed in an environmental or situational context.
CONCLUSION: Respondent feedback used to guide development of Prosthetic Limb Users Survey of Mobility established a foundation for a new person-centered measure of mobility with a prosthetic limb.
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Perspectives of target respondents are needed to guide development of instruments intended to measure health outcomes. Focus groups of prosthetic limb users were conducted to solicit experiences related to mobility with a lower limb prosthesis. Results were used to inform development of a clinically meaningful, person-centered instrument.

DOI10.1177/0309364615579315
Alternate JournalProsthet Orthot Int
PubMed ID25944625
PubMed Central IDPMC4635102
Grant ListR01 HD065340 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States