A psychometric examination of multimorbidity and mental health in older adults.

TitleA psychometric examination of multimorbidity and mental health in older adults.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsJones SMW, Amtmann D, Gell NM
JournalAging Ment Health
Volume20
Issue3
Pagination309-17
Date Published2016
ISSN1364-6915
KeywordsAffective Symptoms, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Comorbidity, Depression, Female, Health Status, Humans, Male, Social Support, United States
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Multimorbidity, the presence of multiple chronic medical conditions, is particularly prevalent in older adults. We examined the relationship of multimorbidity with mental health, social network and activity limitations in the National Health and Aging Trends Study, a nationally representative, age-stratified sample of older adults.
METHOD: After excluding participants who used a proxy to complete the survey and those who did not answer any of the depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms and positive and negative affect items, the final sample was 7026. A disease count of 10 conditions (heart disease, hypertension, arthritis, osteoporosis, diabetes, lung disease, stroke, dementia, cancer, fracture) was used.
RESULTS: Factor analysis indicated a one factor structure for disease count was tenable, although cancer did not appear to fit the model. Therefore, a count of the nine other diseases was used. Disease count was related to increased depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms and negative affect and less positive affect. All individual diseases including cancer were related to worse mental health as was having two or more conditions. Disease count, having two or more conditions and several individual diseases (heart disease, hypertension, arthritis, cancer and fracture) were also related to increases in social network size while other individual diseases (osteoporosis, diabetes, lung disease, stroke and dementia) were related to decreases in social network size. All the measures of multimorbidity and individual diseases were associated with the increased odds of activity limitations.
CONCLUSIONS: Results support a broader focus for older adults with multimorbidity that includes mental health needs.

DOI10.1080/13607863.2015.1008988
Alternate JournalAging Ment Health
PubMed ID25675142
PubMed Central IDPMC4534365
Grant ListT32 AG027677 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U01 AG032947 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U01AG32947 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States